The Chinese Triads: The History and Legacy of China's Most Famous Organized Crime Syndicates (English Edition) eBook: Charles River Editors: dunkerskulturhus.com This study presents an investigation into the phenomenon of the Chinese Triad, its rituals and mythological lore and its meanings and functions. Using a variety. Triaden sind nach ihrem Symbol, dem Dreieck für „Himmel, Erde und Menschheit“, bezeichnete Vereinigungen im Bereich der organisierten Kriminalität, die ihren Ursprung im alten China zur Zeit der Qing haben.
Ritual and Mythology of the Chinese Triads: Creating an IdentityFrom running guns to white-collar crimes in cyberspace and illegal seafood, the Triads, the mafia of China, are potent figures in the world of organized crime. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Chinese Triad“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The Chinese Triad was stopping all of our med shipments until. Jetzt online bestellen! Heimlieferung oder in Filiale: Ritual and Mythology of the Chinese Triads: Creating an Identity von Barend Haar | Orell Füssli: Der.
Chinese Triads More From Thought Catalog VideoThe Chinese Mafia (Triads) Crime Documentary History Channel Chinese triads are much more splintered in organization and scope, compared to the Yakuzas. Chinese triads are splintered into Taiwanese ones, HK ones, South East Asian ones, US ones, etc etc, with no formal structures linking them. Yakuza, on the other hand, are much more cohesive, in hierarchy, organization and cohesive. Triad is a transnational criminal organization that is based in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore among many other countries. There are currently four major Triads in existence: Wo Hop To, Wo Shing Wo, Sun Yee On, 14K (Sap Sie Kie) and Luen. Wo Hop To is a Hong Kong-based organization and their influence have been documented in San Francisco. 4K WALK THROUGH THE HOOD IN CHINA 💀💀💀 (CHINESE MAFIA AREA) 🏆 Subscribe - dunkerskulturhus.com?sub_confirmation=1. Triad, Term used variously for secret societies in Qing-dynasty China (and sometimes earlier), for modern Chinese crime gangs, and for crime gangs of other Asian nationals operating in their own countries or abroad. A secret society with the name Triad started operating in the early 19th century in southern China, where it took root and spread. For decades, the “dragon heads” of mafia clans — known as triads — have been widely regarded as muscle-for-hire for those aligned with China’s Communist Party, which has never denied the suspicions.
Bei 777 Live Chinese Triads Ihr wГhlen zwischen Echtgeld-Tischen mit echten Dealern fГr. - Cooperation Between Organized Crime Groups Around The WorldBitte geben Sie Daten ein: Name oder Pseudonym. Recently, the two of the known biggest Chinese triads are Sun Yee On and 14K. Sun Yee On is considered the “most organized and wealthiest” faction with at least 50, members worldwide. Some of the main Triads The Green Gang, 14K, and Shui Fong. In the mids, 14K (where K stands for carats) was considered the largest of the Triads. It was formed after the Second World War and the Chinese Civil dunkerskulturhus.com began a war between 14K, then under the control of Wan Kuok-koi (called Broken Tooth Koi) and the Shui Fong (the water room, whose exotic name derives from the origins. The Chinese Triad Hierarchy. Originally military unit leaders, now, gang leaders commanding around fifty men. Categories : Chinese gangs Triad organized crime Tongs organizations Lists of organizations Lists of organizations based in China Organized crime groups in China Organised crime groups in Hong Kong Organized crime groups in Macau Organized Der Millionär Und Das Bunny groups in Malaysia Organized crime groups in Singapore Organized crime groups in Taiwan Organized crime-related lists Transnational organized crime China crime-related lists. Mumbai underworld Dacoity. In accordance with its secret nature, there is a Triad initiation ceremony. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to Jocker Mastercard trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Archived from the original on 15 January
Even in communities overseas, this clan has many members: its main purpose is to cement Chinese communities abroad and often participate in charitable works.
This clan retains some traditions, rituals, and concepts such as the belief in Guan Gong, a Chinese mythological character which we will discuss later, the brotherhood, the secret handshake, and the use of triangles.
Unable to return to a normal lifestyle, many of the members of the Hung clan, reorganized into what will later become the Triad. Having lost public support and donations after the end of the Qing Empire, members of the new cult begin to devote themselves to extortion of money in all ways.
The name Triad has been assigned by the English in reference to the symbol of triangular shape that circumscribes the Hung character and symbolizes the harmony between Heaven, Earth, and Man.
As can be seen from the history of the Green Gang , the most important triad operating in Shanghai between and , these organizations found their recruits among the poorer and the dispossessed, like boatmen, transporters, workers, and street vendors.
The triad finds ground in colonial China, in Hong Kong, and in Shanghai in particular. With the advent of the communist regime in , the triad in the motherland was severely hit; The new center for the activity of criminal organizations thus becomes Hong Kong.
In in the British colony there were eight groups that had divided the territory according to geographical and ethnic criteria. After the uprising in Hong Kong in , the local government tried to put an end to the rampant activities of the mafia.
Between the 60s and the 70s, the problems with the triads became more serious. In fact, an anomalous relationship was created between law enforcement agencies and local maladies.
Increasingly, to solve certain types of crimes, the police resorted to the favors of the various neighborhood gentlemen.
The exchange of favors was naturally reciprocal, and Hong Kong lived in this unstable equilibrium, at least until , when the Independent Commission Against Corruption ICAC was established.
As the situation changed, the Mafia itself had to change its business, and turn its gaze to new underground illicit activities. For example, the Sun Yee On clan completely controlled the film industry.
The criminal activities preferred by these groups are drug trafficking Hong Kong is the keystone for all heroin and methamphetamine trafficking from the South East Asian drug triangle for America , money laundering, the trafficking of illegal immigrants, gambling, prostitution, racketeering, counterfeiting of products protected by intellectual property, such as the sale of DVDs, VCDs, music CDs, video games and computer software but are also active in legal activities such as the management of markets, film companies, financial companies.
Triad members do not typically have to secure permission from the head of a Triad in order to engage in a criminal activity, even if the activity involves partnering with people who are not members of the Triad or are even in fact members of a different Triad.
The Triads as well as other gangs that follow this structure, such as the various Triad affiliated gangs 14K being most prominent in Chicago , settle disputes through negotiations and is made up similar to a fraternity, but dealing with criminal activities.
The US government estimates that approximately , people are smuggled into the United States annually by the Triads.
The undocumented workers then work for the Triads to work off the debt. Mouse Shing, reported to be a high ranking officer in Wo Shing Wo, was hacked to death by a hitman using a meat cleaver in front of a hospital.
In , 63 people — including 16 schoolchildren, the youngest being years-old — were arrested in an undercover Triads bust. The 4 stands for the four oceans that surround China and ultimately, the universe.
He was first hit by a car and surrounded by men armed with knives. Triads have been engaging in counterfeiting since the s.
During the s and s, they were involved in counterfeiting currency often the Hong Kong cent piece. The gangs were also involved in counterfeiting expensive books for sale on the black market.
With the advent of new technology and the improvement of the average standard of living, triads produce counterfeit goods such as watches, film VCDs and DVDs and designer apparel such as clothing and handbags.
In , four triad members were arrested for health care fraud in Japan. Triads use numeric codes to distinguish ranks and positions within the gang; the numbers are inspired by Chinese numerology and based on the I Ching.
Law enforcement and intel have it that the Vanguard may actually hold the highest power or final word. A military commander also known as a Red Pole , overseeing defensive and offensive operations, is ; 49 denotes a soldier , or rank-and-file member.
The White Paper Fan provides financial and business advice , and the Straw Sandal is a liaison between units.
Blue Lanterns are uninitiated members, equivalent to Mafia associates, and do not have a designating number. According to De Leon Petta Gomes da Costa, who interviewed triads and authorities in Hong Kong, most of the current structure is a vague, low hierarchy; the traditional ranks and positions no longer exist.
Similar to the Indian thuggees or the Japanese yakuza , triad members participate in initiation ceremonies. After drinking a mixture of wine and blood from the animal or the candidate , the member passes beneath an arch of swords while reciting the triad's oaths.
The paper on which the oaths are written will be burnt on the altar to confirm the member's obligation to perform his duties to the gods.
Three fingers of the left hand are raised as a binding gesture. Similar to triads, Tongs originated independently in early immigrant Chinatown communities.
The word means "social club", and tongs are not specifically underground organizations. The first tongs formed during the second half of the 19th century among marginalized members of early immigrant Chinese-American communities for mutual support and protection from nativists.
Modeled on triads, they were established without clear political motives and became involved in criminal activities such as extortion, illegal gambling, drug and human trafficking, murder and prostitution.
Triads were also active in Chinese communities throughout Southeast Asia. When Malaysia and Singapore with the region's largest population of ethnic Chinese became crown colonies , secret societies and triads controlled local communities by extorting protection money and illegal money lending.
Many conducted blood rituals, such as drinking one another's blood, as a sign of brotherhood; others ran opium dens and brothels. Remnants of these former gangs and societies still exist.
Due to government efforts in Malaysia and Singapore to reduce crime, the societies have largely faded from the public eye particularly in Singapore.
Triads were also common in Vietnamese cities with large Chinese especially Cantonese and Teochew communities. During the French colonial period , many businesses and wealthy residents in Saigon particularly in the Chinatown district and Haiphong were controlled by protection-racket gangs.
With Vietnamese independence in , organized crime activity was drastically reduced as Ho Chi Minh 's governments purged criminal activity in the country.
Triads are the most well-known organized crime group in China, Hong Kong and Macao. In addition to them are other large organized crime gangs.
Their individual names refer to the detention centers where they were "re-educated. When groups began to outgrow their local area, the government cracked down with harsh penalties.
Triad symbol Organized crime is growing in China, thanks to factors including economic liberalization, increasing migration, growing inequality and official corruption.
People trafficking, drug smuggling, illegal gambling and extortion are all lucrative. One of Henan Province's worst gangs roamed the countryside unchecked for 13 months, robbing farmhouses and killing 76 people.
Seven members of the gang, including its leader Peng Miaoji, who personally cut the throat of 40 victims, were captured and executed in December Some gangs have close relations with the police and are even run by the police.
In March , 10 members of a police-run gang in Inner Mongolia were sentenced to up to 20 years in prison for robbery, rape, gambling and bribery.
The gang had been active for more than 10 years. State Department Advisories: Travel. Australian travel warnings: dfat.
Triads are family-run organized crime gangs. They are sometimes refereed to as the Chinese Mafia or, among mainland Chinese, as "black societies.
Chinese Triad societies control Chinese organized crime. They are some of the world's largest crime organizations. They are believed to have more than , members, with , in Hong Kong alone.
The term "Triad" is relatively modern English term used to describe the triangular symbols found on flags and banners used by the Hung clan, also known as the Heaven and Earth Society.
The bosses of the Triads are called "dragonheads. The Triads are believed to control an empire worth many billions of dollars. The largest and most powerful Triad, Sun Yee On, is believed to have 40, members.
Sun Yee On is believed to be particularly well connected with the Hong Kong tycoons and Communist party elite. One high-level Communist official even referred to them as "patriotic.
According to legend the first Triads were founded by Chinese monks committed to fighting injustices. Over time these groups, it is said, became so politically powerful they were able to prop up or bring down emperors at their whim.
The Triads developed out of the 18th century Hung Society and often worked with foreign traders to bring opium into China.
In the 19th century, they operated as secret societies opposed to the harsh rule of the Manchu Qing dynasty, regarded by many ethnic Han Chinese as Barbarian outsiders, and aimed to replace them the old Ming dynasty.
Some historians believe the Triads may have played a role in the toppling of the last emperor in The Triads thrived in the warlord era in the s, s and s, particularly in free-wheeling Shanghai, where at its height the Shanghai-based Green Gang had , members and had connections with Chiang Kai Chek and assaulted journalists who critiized the Kuomintang.
One of Shanghai's most notorious figures was Shanghai Du Yuesheng "Big-Eared Du" , a former sweet-potato vendor who started his life of crime as a policeman collecting protection money from local opium traders.
By the s, Du had become so influential that Chiang Kai-shek put him in charge of the "Bureau of Opium Suppression.
Some gangs helped the Kuomintang nationalist fight against the Japanese during World War II; others became gangs of criminals that raged the Chinese countryside.
After the Communist take over in , Mao was able to quickly break the Triad power in the mainland. Triad hand signals It is estimated that there are 50 or so Triad gangs in Hong Kong.
The Triads have been active in Hong Kong almost since its inception. They were engaged in the local opium trade and helped and were assisted by the corrupt British police force.
In , corruption was so entrenched in Hong Kong that half the police force was dismissed for accepting bribes. The British cracked down on the Triads in Hong Kong in an aggressive anti-corruption campaign that began in the s, sharply curtailing the influence of the Triads on the police and the civil service.
Print Cite. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. Wing, a professor at City University of Hong Kong who researches triads.
In the past decade, gang members have sometimes carried out assaults in Hong Kong with political implications. Kevin Lau, the former chief editor of Ming Pao, a prominent Hong Kong newspaper, was seriously injured in a knife attack in During the pro-democracy Umbrella Movement demonstrations later that year, a gang of men, including several believed to have triad connections, attacked a protest encampment in the Mong Kok district in Kowloon.
Public anger grew after the police chief, Peter Fitzroy Godber, was found in to have hundreds of thousands of dollars in overseas accounts. That helped inspire aggressive reforms, and today the territory is regularly ranked highly on anticorruption indexes.