Albanien Vs

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Albanien Vs

Juni gegen die Schweiz in Genf. Diese Liste enthält alle offiziell von der FIFA anerkannten Länderspiele der albanischen Fußballnationalmannschaft der​. Gegner aus UEFA, Sp. S, U, N, Tore. Die Bilanz gegen, Andorra, 5, 3, 1, 1, Die Bilanz gegen, Armenien, 5, 3, 1, 1, Die Bilanz gegen, Aserbaidschan, 5, 3. Zum EM-Start traf die Schweiz auf Albanien. Wir liessen die Länder vor dem Spiel in der Wirtschaft gegeneinander antreten. In diesem Vergleich glänzte die.

Albanien gegen Kosovo heute live: Das Freundschaftsspiel im TV und Livestream sehen

Das heutige Freundschaftsspiel Albanien vs. Kosovo startet um Uhr im Elbasan Stadion in Albanien. Das Duell der beiden Bruderstaaten. Beim Freundschaftsspiel zwischen Albanien und dem Kosovo treffen zwei Nachbarn aufeinander. Goal erklärt alles zur Übertragung des. Spiel-Bilanz aller Duelle zwischen Albanien und Türkei sowie die letzten Spiele untereinander. Darstellung der Heimbilanz von Albanien gegen Türkei.

Albanien Vs Inhaltsverzeichnis Video

Israel vs Albania 0-3 Highlights and Goals World Cup Qualifier June 11,2017

Albanien Vs Sei dabei beim Spiel des Jahres! Be there for the game of the year! Albania (/ æ l ˈ b eɪ n i ə, ɔː l-/ a(w)l-BAY-nee-ə; Albanian: Shqipëri or Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipni or Shqipnia also Shqypni or Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë, pronounced [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːsə]), is a country in Southeast Europe on the Adriatic and Ionian Sea within the Mediterranean dunkerskulturhus.comg code: + Albanien gennemgik store og udbredte sociale og politiske transformationer i den kommunistiske æra, mens landet i stigende grad valgte at isolere sig fra størstedelen af omverdenen. I gik den socialistiske republik i opløsning, og den moderne stat, Republikken Albanien, blev etableret. Albanien er en parlamentarisk republik.

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Teams Spieler. DE Wettbewerbe Bundesliga 2. Bundesliga 3. Cup Baden Reg. Cup Bayern Reg. Cup Berlin Reg. Cup Brandenburg Reg.

Cup Bremen Reg. Cup Hamburg Reg. Cup Hessen Reg. Cup Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Reg. Cup Mittelrhein Reg. Cup Niederrhein Reg.

Cup Niedersachsen Reg. John Boardman et al. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, , — The Cambridge ancient history. ISBN , page ," A History of Macedonia: B.

Clarendon Press. The Illyrians. Balkans: A Post-Communist History. From AD onward, the lands now known as Albania began to be overrun from the north by ever-increasing Iwaskiw, red.

Cambridge University Press. New York: Columbia University: By , after a chaotic interregnum, Sultan Mehmet I sent the military to erect the first Ottoman garrisons throughout southern Albania, establishing direct military authority in the region Encyclopedia Britannica.

Google Books. Brill Online, Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. On 10 June , The League of Prizren, Alb. Lidhja e Prizrenit, Hentet 5.

November 15th—28th, On the resumption of the sitting, I was elected President of the Provisional Government, with a mandate to form a Cabinet Modernisierung durch Transfer zwischen den Weltkriegen.

Athens: Centre for European Constitutional Law. Dover Wilson; Alfred E. Er wurde jedoch nur eingekerkert und nach seiner Entlassung des Landes verwiesen.

Die kulturelle Bewegung der Albaner war Ende des Jahrhunderts auf einige wenige Orte im In- und Ausland konzentriert. Die einzelnen Gruppen nationaler Aktivisten agierten dabei relativ isoliert voneinander, was nicht zuletzt den ungünstigen Verkehrs- und Kommunikationsbedingungen auf dem Balkan geschuldet war.

Das war aber bei weitem nicht das einzige Hemmnis zur Etablierung eines albanischen Kulturlebens. Nur in Shkodra war Albanisch die wichtigste Sprache des städtischen Bürgertums.

Die im Jahrhunderts keine kulturellen Zentren der Albaner. Ihre Bedeutung lag in der guten Anbindung an das westliche Europa.

Hier wie auch in Shkodra war das Italienische wichtige Verkehrs- und Kultursprache. Der Druck albanischer Bücher war im Osmanischen Reich zeitweise verboten.

Eine normierte albanische Schriftsprache existierte noch nicht einmal in Ansätzen. Wenn überhaupt Albanisch geschrieben wurde, dann im gegischen oder toskischen Dialekt.

Hinzu kam, dass je nach Konfessionszugehörigkeit entweder das lateinische oder das griechische Alphabet , seltener auch die arabische Schrift verwendet wurde.

Um setzten die Bemühungen albanischer Intellektueller ein, die Schriftsprache zu vereinheitlichen.

In Elbasan schuf man ein eigenes albanisches Alphabet, das aber nur dort verwendet wurde und sich nicht durchsetzen konnte.

Darin wurden wichtige Grundlagen für die albanische Schreibweise festgelegt, die teilweise bis heute gültig sind.

In Konstantinopel wurde auch die Gesellschaft zum Drucken albanischer Schriften alb. Im Umfeld dieses Vereins erschienen seit die ersten Zeitungen auf Albanisch.

Jahrhunderts die ersten albanischsprachigen Schulbücher. Diese private Schule war auch die erste säkulare Bildungsstätte des Landes, die Schülern aller Konfessionen offen stand.

Bis zur Ausrufung der Unabhängigkeit wurden landesweit kaum drei Dutzend derartiger Schulen gegründet.

Albanisch wurde aber auch an den katholischen Schulen im Norden und an vielen Tekken der Bektaschi unterrichtet.

Die Schulen der katholischen Orden wie auch der Bektaschi leisteten viel für die Weiterentwicklung und Verbreitung der albanischen Sprache.

Nebenbei wirkte er als Herausgeber verschiedener Zeitschriften. Jahrhundert verschärfte sich die innere Krise des Osmanischen Reichs erneut.

In den Balkanprovinzen herrschte praktisch Anarchie. Die Regierung versuchte, der Lage Herr zu werden, indem sie gewaltsam gegen die Nationalismen der Balkanvölker vorging.

Die Benutzung der albanischen Sprache und die Verbreitung albanischer Bücher wurden verboten. In dieser viel gelesenen Schrift wurde erstmals die Forderung erhoben, einen albanischen Nationalstaat zu errichten.

Die letzten Jahre der osmanischen Herrschaft über Albanien verliefen im Chaos und waren von Gewaltakten der Regierungstruppen und verschiedener Gruppen von Aufständischen sowie Räuberbanden überschattet.

In diese Zeit der Wirren fiel auch die jungtürkische Revolution , die ihr Zentrum in den verbliebenen europäischen Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches Albanien, Mazedonien und Thrakien hatte.

Zur reformorientierten politischen Bewegung der Jungtürken gehörte auch eine Reihe Albaner. Die Jungtürken versuchten zu Beginn ihrer Herrschaft, eine parlamentarisch-konstitutionelle Regierung im Osmanischen Reich einzurichten, die auch die Mitbestimmungs- oder Autonomiebestrebungen christlicher und nichttürkischer islamischer Minderheiten zu berücksichtigen versuchte.

Namentlich wollte man mit den organisierten Vertretern der Armenier und der Albaner kooperieren.

Während der liberalen Anfangsphase des jungtürkischen Regimes trafen sich albanische Intellektuelle aus allen Teilen des Landes im November zum Kongress von Monastir.

Diese Regelungen sind bis heute gültig, und der Kongress von Monastir wird daher als Geburtsstunde einer modernen einheitlichen albanischen Orthographie angesehen.

Das konstitutionelle Experiment der Jungtürken scheiterte am Widerstand der alten konservativen Eliten und der allgemeinen Krise des Reichs, die auch die neue Regierung nicht in den Griff bekam.

In Albanien und Mazedonien herrschten bürgerkriegsähnliche Zustände. Hier kämpften die Anhänger der jungtürkischen Regierung gegen die alten Eliten und gegen die Anhänger der Nationalbewegungen, die die Unabhängigkeit erreichen wollten, egal ob sich das Reich als reformfähig erweisen sollte oder nicht.

Ende suspendierte die jungtürkische Regierung die Verfassung und das Regime wandelte sich mehr und mehr in eine Militärdiktatur. Diese setzte bald auf einen aggressiven türkischen Nationalismus als ideologische Basis für ihre Herrschaft und erneuerte den Druck auf die ethnischen Minderheiten.

Damit wurde die osmanische Herrschaft bei den Albanern endgültig in Verruf gebracht. Die Aufständischen wollten nun die staatliche Unabhängigkeit mit Waffengewalt durchsetzen.

Als im Herbst der Erste Balkankrieg ausbrach, gerieten die Aufständischen in eine schwierige Lage. Hatten sie zuvor versucht, die türkischen Garnisonen im Land zu schwächen, so war es nun erforderlich, wie diese gegen den Einfall der Armeen Montenegros und Serbiens in das albanische Siedlungsgebiet zu kämpfen, um einen nationalen Einheitsstaat zu erreichen.

Denn Serben, Montenegriner und Griechen planten, das albanische Siedlungsgebiet auf ihre bereits existierenden Staaten aufzuteilen. Nach kurzer Zeit jedoch hatten die Armeen dieser Staaten die Oberhand gewonnen.

Ende November waren nur noch Shkodra und Ioannina in türkischer Hand; Kosovo, Teile Nordalbaniens und Mazedoniens waren serbisch beziehungsweise montenegrinisch besetzt; in Epirus standen die Griechen.

November ein. Nur ein relativ kleines Gebiet zwischen Elbasan im Norden und Vlora im Süden wurde von lokalen albanischen Gruppen kontrolliert.

In dieser Situation entschloss sich die Führung der albanischen Nationalbewegung, die Erklärung der Unabhängigkeit nicht länger hinauszuzögern, und am Ebendort wurden auch die ungefähren Grenzen des neuen Staates festgelegt.

Teile im Süden des heutigen Albaniens waren unterdessen von Griechenland besetzt. Im Dezember wurden die Grenzen im Protokoll von Florenz festgeschrieben.

Die Botschafterkonferenz hatte auch beschlossen, dass Albanien ein Fürstentum sein sollte. Die Schaffung staatlicher Institutionen gelang nicht einmal in Ansätzen.

Während des Krieges verschwand Albanien wieder von der politischen Landkarte. Obwohl das Land formell neutral war, besetzten verschiedene Krieg führende Mächte nach und nach das gesamte albanische Territorium.

Von bis in den Herbst herrschten in weiten Teilen des Landes erneut bürgerkriegsähnliche Zustände. Er hatte schon gegen Wilhelm von Wied gearbeitet, konnte sich aber auch nach dessen Rückzug keine landesweite Anerkennung erwerben.

Essad Pascha verbündete sich mit Serbien gegen die Donaumonarchie , was Anfang zu seiner Vertreibung aus Albanien führte. Als die Mittelmächte Ende Serbien eroberten, flohen die geschlagenen serbischen Truppen durch Albanien nach Griechenland.

Der Norden und die Mitte des Landes waren ab von den österreichisch-ungarischen Truppen besetzt. Weil Albanien formal keine kriegsführende Macht war, setzten die Österreicher einen zivilen Verwaltungsrat unter Vorsitz des Generalkonsuls August Kral ein.

Die Österreicher und Franzosen versuchten in ihren Besatzungsgebieten, die albanische Bevölkerung für sich einzunehmen. So gründeten sie einige Schulen und organisierten die Zivilverwaltung.

In Shkodra und Umgebung rückten die Serben ein die Stadt selbst wurde wenig später aber an die Franzosen übergeben , während der übrige Norden und die Mitte des Landes nach Auflösung der Donaumonarchie vorerst sich selbst überlassen blieben.

Italien, Serbien und Griechenland beanspruchten Teile des Landes für sich. Während der Pariser Friedenskonferenz , bei der Albanien nur durch eine offiziell nicht zugelassene Delegation vertreten war, wurde über die Aufteilung des Landes verhandelt.

Andere in Paris anwesende Vertreter der Albaner, die vor allem von den Exilgemeinden in den Vereinigten Staaten und in Konstantinopel gestützt wurden, wollten die Unterwerfung unter Italien verhindern.

Mit Gleichgesinnten in Albanien organisierten sie den Kongress von Lushnja , der im Januar tagte, die Regierung Turhan Paschas absetzte und eine neue wählte.

Die Regierung unter Ministerpräsident Sulejman Delvina erlangte schnell Anerkennung, so dass sich noch im gleichen Jahr die Besatzungsmächte — im Falle von Italien nach militärischen Auseinandersetzungen — zurückzogen.

Albanien war ein reines Agrarland fast ohne öffentliche Infrastruktur. Telegrafenverbindungen existierten nur in den Küstenstädten. Auch die albanische Nachkriegsgeschichte verlief chaotisch.

Beys und Stammesführer stritten um die Macht und keine der schnell wechselnden Regierungen konnte sich durchsetzen.

Im April wurden die ersten Parlamentswahlen abgehalten. Parteien im modernen Sinne gab es nicht, vielmehr miteinander rivalisierende Klientelverbände.

Beide Parteien waren aber wenig mehr als fluktuierende Parlamentsklubs ohne Massenbasis. Ahmet Zogu , Stammesführer im Mati-Gebiet , wurde zum Innenminister ernannt, er sicherte sich durch Bestechung die Loyalität von Stammesführern und gewann so an Einfluss.

Eine Verfassung sollte ausgearbeitet, eine Landreform durchgeführt und freie Wahlen abgehalten werden. Die legale Regierung ging nach Italien.

Albanien erhielt unter Zogu ein am Code civil ausgerichtetes bürgerliches Gesetzbuch und ein neues Strafrecht, das weitgehend dem italienischen folgte.

Auch sein verabschiedetes Landreformgesetz blieb wirkungslos. Zogu orientierte sich im wirtschaftlichen Bereich an Italien, das etwa 80 Prozent des albanischen Exports abnahm.

Italien ging es um einen Handelsvertrag und um Konzessionen für die Erdölförderung in Albanien, was mit britischen Interessen kollidierte. Um Kredite für Investitionen in die Infrastruktur zu bekommen, stimmte Zogu der Gründung der albanischen Staatsbank mit italienischem Kapital zu.

Italien erhielt gleichzeitig die Erlaubnis, nach Öl zu suchen. Ende August schlossen Rom und Tirana ein geheimes Militärabkommen, nachdem Benito Mussolini mit einer Flottendemonstration vor der albanischen Küste entsprechenden Druck aufgebaut hatte.

Der selbstbewusste Akt konnte jedoch nicht darüber hinwegtäuschen, dass seine Abhängigkeit von Mussolini immer drückender wurde.

Die eingeführte allgemeine Schulpflicht konnte nicht durchgesetzt werden. Es fehlte an Schulgebäuden, Lehrern und Büchern.

Bei einer fast hoffnungslosen Ausgangslage wurden auf vielen Gebieten Fortschritte erzielt und eine partielle Modernisierung des Landes eingeleitet.

Von der heutigen historischen Forschung wird das Zogu-Regime deshalb positiver beurteilt als noch vor 20 oder 30 Jahren. Allerdings musste für diese Fortschritte ein hoher Preis gezahlt werden.

Zogu, der mehrere Verschwörungen und Aufstandsversuche überstand, richtete zur Verfolgung seiner Gegner ein Politisches Gericht ein, das häufig die Todesstrafe verhängte.

Zogu remained a conservative but initiated reforms and placed great emphasis on the development of infrastructure.

In an attempt at social modernisation, the custom of adding one's region to one's name was dropped. He also made donations of land to international organisations for the building of schools and hospitals.

The armed forces were trained and supervised by instructors from Italy, and as a counterweight, he kept British officers in the Gendarmerie despite strong Italian pressure to remove them.

After being militarily occupied by Italy from until , the Kingdom of Albania was a protectorate and a dependency of the Kingdom of Italy governed by Victor Emmanuel III and his government.

In October , Albania served as a staging ground for an unsuccessful Italian invasion of Greece. A counterattack resulted in a sizeable portion of southern Albania coming under Greek military control until April when Greece capitulated during the German invasion.

In April , territories of Yugoslavia with substantial Albanian population were annexed to Albania inclusively western Macedonia, a strip of eastern Montenegro, the town of Tutin in central Serbia and most of Kosovo [a].

Germans started to occupy the country in September and subsequently announced that they would recognise the independence of a neutral Albania and set about organising a new government, military and law enforcement.

During the last years of the war, the country fell into a civil war-like state between the communists and nationalists. The communists defeated the last anti-communist forces in the south in Before the end of November, the main German troops had withdrawn from Tirana, and the communists took control by attacking it.

The partisans entirely liberated the country from German occupation on 29 November By the end of the Second World War , the main military and political force of the nation, the Communist party sent forces to northern Albania against the nationalists to eliminate its rivals.

About Kelmendi [95] people were killed or tortured. This event was the starting point of many other issues which took place during Enver Hoxha 's dictatorship.

Class struggle was strictly applied, human freedom and human rights were denied. Many Kelmendi people fled, and some were executed trying to cross the border.

At this point, the country started to develop foreign relations with other communist countries, among others with the People's Republic of China.

During this period, the country experienced an increasing industrialisation and urbanisation, a rapid collectivisation and economic growth which led to a higher standard of living.

The new land reform laws were passed granting ownership of the land to the workers and peasants who tilled it. Agriculture became cooperative , and production increased significantly, leading to the country becoming agriculturally self-sufficient.

In the field of education, illiteracy was eliminated among the country's adult population. The nation incurred large debts initially with Yugoslavia until , then the Soviet Union until and China from the middle of the s.

Today a secular state without any official religion , religious freedoms and practices were severely curtailed during the communist era with all forms of worship being outlawed.

In , the Agrarian Reform Law meant that large swaths of property owned by religious groups were nationalised, mostly the waqfs along with the estates of mosques, tekkes, monasteries and dioceses.

Many believers, along with the ulema and many priests, were arrested and executed. In , a new Decree on Religious Communities required that all their activities be sanctioned by the state alone.

After hundreds of mosques and dozens of Islamic libraries containing priceless manuscripts were destroyed, Hoxha proclaimed Albania the world's first atheist state in A law banned all fascist, religious, and antisocialist activity and propaganda.

Preaching religion carried a three to ten-year prison sentence. Nonetheless, many Albanians continued to practice their beliefs secretly.

The anti-religious policy of Hoxha attained its most fundamental legal and political expression a decade later: "The state recognizes no religion", states the constitution, "and supports and carries out atheistic propaganda in order to implant a scientific materialistic world outlook in people".

After forty years of communism and isolation as well as the revolutions of , people, most notably students, became politically active and campaigned against the government that led to the transformation of the existing order.

Following the popular support in the first multi-party elections of , the communists retained a stronghold in the parliament until the victory in the general elections of led by the Democratic Party.

Considerable economic and financial resources were devoted to pyramid schemes that were widely supported by the government.

The schemes swept up somewhere between one sixth and one third of the population of the country. The schemes began to collapse in late , leading many of the investors to join initially peaceful protests against the government, requesting their money back.

The protests turned violent in February as government forces responded with fire. In March, the Police and Republican Guard deserted, leaving their armouries open.

These were promptly emptied by militias and criminal gangs. The resulting civil war caused a wave of evacuations of foreign nationals and refugees.

In April , Operation Alba , a UN peacekeeping force led by Italy, entered the country with two goals exclusively to assist with the evacuation of expatriates and to secure the ground for international organisations.

The main international organisation that was involved was the Western European Union 's multinational Albanian Police element, which worked with the government to restructure the judicial system and simultaneously the Albanian Police.

Between and , Edi Rama of the Socialist Party won both the and parliamentary elections. As a Prime Minister , he implemented numerous reforms focused on modernising the economy , as well as democratising the state institutions, including the country's judiciary and law enforcement.

Unemployment has been steadily reduced while having the 4th lowest unemployment rate in the Balkans. On 26 November , a 6. For a small country, much of Albania rises into mountains and hills that run in different directions across the length and breadth of its territory.

The most extensive mountain ranges are the Albanian Alps in the north, the Korab Mountains in the east, the Pindus Mountains in the southeast, the Ceraunian Mountains in the southwest and the Skanderbeg Mountains in the centre.

Perhaps the most remarkable feature of the country is the presence of numerous important lakes. Rivers rise mostly in the east of Albania and discharge into the Adriatic Sea but as well as into the Ionian Sea to a lesser extent.

The longest river in the country, measured from its mouth to its source, is the Drin that starts at the confluence of its two headwaters, the Black and White Drin.

The climate in the country is extremely variable and diverse owing to the differences in latitude, longitude and altitude. The warmest areas of the country are immediately placed along the Adriatic and Ionian Sea Coasts.

On the contrary, the coldest areas are positioned within the northern and eastern highlands. The highest temperature of Rainfall naturally varies from season to season and from year to year.

The country receives most of the precipitation in winter months and less in summer months. Snowfall occurs frequently in winter in the highlands of the country, particularly on the mountains in the north and east, including the Albanian Alps and Korab Mountains.

Snow also falls on the coastal areas in the southwest almost every winter such as in the Ceraunian Mountains , where it can lie even beyond March.

A biodiversity hotspot , Albania possesses an exceptionally rich and contrasting biodiversity on account of its geographical location at the centre of the Mediterranean Sea and the great diversity in its climatic , geological and hydrological conditions.

The estuaries, wetlands and lakes are extraordinarily important for the greater flamingo , pygmy cormorant and the extremely rare and perhaps the most iconic bird of the country, the dalmatian pelican.

In terms of phytogeography , Albania is part of the Boreal Kingdom and stretches specifically within the Illyrian province of the Circumboreal and Mediterranean Region.

Its territory can be subdivided into four terrestrial ecoregions of the Palearctic realm namely within the Illyrian deciduous forests , Balkan mixed forests , Pindus Mountains mixed forests and Dinaric Mountains mixed forests.

Approximately 3, different species of plants can be found in Albania which refers principally to a Mediterranean and Eurasian character. The country maintains a vibrant tradition of herbal and medicinal practices.

At the minimum plants growing locally are used in the preparation of herbs and medicines. In the Environmental Performance Index , Albania was ranked 23rd out of countries in the world.

The protected areas of Albania are the system through the Albanian government protects, maintains and displays some of the country's most impressive and treasured environments.

There are 15 national parks , 4 ramsar sites , 1 biosphere reserve and other types of conservation reserves across Albania all of them depicting a huge variety of natural sceneries ranging from imposing mountains to picturesque coasts.

Albania has fifteen officially designated national parks scattered across its territory. Further south sprawls the Butrint National Park on a peninsula that is surrounded by the Lake of Butrint and Channel of Vivari on the eastern half of the Straits of Corfu.

Dajti National Park is equipped with a cable car and trails to some spectacular scenery is a popular retreat in the capital, Tirana.

Albania is a parliamentary constitutional republic and sovereign state whose politics operate under a framework laid out in the constitution wherein the president functions as the head of state and the prime minister as the head of government.

The government is based on the separation and balancing of powers among the legislative , judiciary and executive. The civil law , codified and based on the Napoleonic Code , is divided between courts with regular civil and criminal jurisdiction and administrative courts.

The judicial power is vested in the supreme court , constitutional court , appeal court and administrative court. It carries out nearly all general police duties including criminal investigation, patrol activity, traffic policing and border control.

The executive power is exercised by the president and prime minister whereby the power of the president is very limited.

The president is the commander-in-chief of the military and the representative of the unity of the Albanian people. The prime minister, appointed by the president and approved by the parliament, is authorized to constitute the cabinet.

The cabinet is composed primarily of the prime minister inclusively its deputies and ministers. In the time since the end of communism and isolationism , Albania has extended its responsibilities and position in continental and international affairs, developing and establishing friendly relations with other countries around the world.

The country's foreign policy priorities are its accession into the European Union EU , the international recognition of Kosovo and the expulsion of Cham Albanians , as well as helping and protecting the rights of the Albanians in Kosovo , Montenegro , North Macedonia , Greece , Serbia , Italy and the Diaspora.

The country has been extensively engaged with the NATO and has maintained its position as a stability factor and a strong ally of the United States and the European Union EU in the region of the Balkans.

Albania maintains strong ties with the United States ever after it supported the Albania's independence and democracy. In , Albania welcomed George W.

Bush who became the first President of the United States ever to visit the country. Albania and Kosovo are culturally, socially and economically very closely rooted due to the Albanian majority population in Kosovo.

In , the country contributed in supporting allied efforts to end the humanitarian tragedy in Kosovo and secure the peace after the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.

Albania has been an active member of the United Nations since They country took on membership for the United Nations Economic and Social Council from to as well as in They are led by a commander-in-chief under the supervision of the Ministry of Defence and by the President as the supreme commander during wartime however, in times of peace its powers are executed through the Prime Minister and the Defence Minister.

The chief purpose of the armed forces of Albania is the defence of the independence, the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of the country, as well as the participation in humanitarian, combat, non-combat and peace support operations.

Albania has committed to increase the participations in multinational operations. Albania reduced the number of active troops from 65, in to 14, in In the s, the country scrapped enormous amounts of obsolete hardware from China, such as tanks and SAM systems.

Increasing the military budget was one of the most important conditions for NATO integration. Military spending has generally been low.

As of military spending was an estimated 1. The country is divided into three regions, the Northern , Central and Southern Region , which consist of a number of counties qarqe and municipalities bashkia.

The highest level of administrative divisions are the twelve constituent counties. Nonetheless, they are further subdivided into 61 municipalities with each of them being responsible for geographical, economic, social and cultural purposes inside the counties.

The counties were created on 31 July to replace the 36 former districts. The defunct municipalities are known as neighborhoods or villages.

The municipalities are the first level of local governance, responsible for local needs and law enforcement. The largest county in Albania, by population, is Tirana County with over , people.

The transition from a socialist planned economy to a capitalist mixed economy in Albania has been largely successful. In , it had the 4th lowest unemployment rate in the Balkans with an estimated value of The lek ALL is the country's currency and is pegged at approximately ,51 lek per euro.

The country's most important infrastructure facilities take course through both of the cities, connecting the north to the south as well as the west to the east.

The economy is expected to expand in the near term, driven by a recovery in consumption and robust investments. Growth is projected to be 3.

Agriculture in the country is based on small to medium-sized family-owned dispersed units. It remains a significant sector of the economy of Albania.

One of the earliest farming sites in Europe has been found in the southeast of the country. Albania produces significant amounts of fruits apples, olives , grapes, oranges, lemons, apricots , peaches , cherries , figs , sour cherries , plums , and strawberries , vegetables potatoes, tomatoes, maize, onions, and wheat , sugar beets , tobacco, meat, honey , dairy products , traditional medicine and aromatic plants.

Further, the country is a worldwide significant producer of salvia , rosemary and yellow gentian. The World Bank and European Community economists report that, Albania's fishing industry has good potential to generate export earnings because prices in the nearby Greek and Italian markets are many times higher than those in the Albanian market.

The fish available off the coasts of the country are carp , trout , sea bream , mussels and crustaceans. Albania has one of Europe's longest histories of viticulture.

The oldest found seeds in the region are 4, to 6, years old. The secondary sector of Albania have undergone many changes and diversification, since the collapse of the communist regime in the country.

It is very diversified, from electronics , manufacturing , [] textiles , to food , cement , mining , [] and energy.

Albania has the second largest oil deposits in the Balkan peninsula after Romania , and the largest oil reserves [] in Europe. The Albpetrol company is owned by the Albanian state and monitors the state petroleum agreements in the country.

The textile industry has seen an extensive expansion by approaching companies from the European Union EU in Albania.

Albania is a significant minerals producer and is ranked among the world's leading chromium producers and exporters. The tertiary sector represents the fastest growing sector of the country's economy.

Previously one of the most isolated and controlled countries in the world, telecommunication industry represents nowadays another major contributor to the sector.

It developed largely through privatisation and subsequent investment by both domestic and foreign investors. Tourism is recognised as an industry of national importance and has been steadily increasing since the beginnings of the 21st century.

The increase of foreign visitors has been dramatic. Albania had only , visitors in , while in had an estimated 4. In , tourism in summer increased by 25 percent in contrast the previous year according to the country's tourism agency.

The bulk of the tourist industry is concentrated along the Adriatic and Ionian Sea in the west of the country. However, the Albanian Riviera in the southwest has the most scenic and pristine beaches, and is often called the pearl of the Albanian coast.

Its coastline has a considerable length of kilometres miles. Some parts of this seaside are very clean ecologically, which represent in this prospective unexplored areas, which are very rare within the Mediterranean.

Transportation in Albania is managed within the functions of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Energy and entities such as the Albanian Road Authority ARRSH , responsible for the construction and maintenance of the highways and motorways in Albania, as well as the Albanian Aviation Authority AAC , with the responsibility of coordinating civil aviation and airports in the country.

The international airport of Tirana is the premier air gateway to the country, and is also the principal hub for Albania's national flag carrier airline, Air Albania.

The airport carried more than 3. The highways and motorways in Albania are properly maintained and often still under construction and renovation.

The Autostrada 1 A1 represents an integral transportation corridor in Albania and the longest motorway of the country.

As of [update] , it is as one of the largest passenger ports on the Adriatic Sea with annual passenger volume of approximately 1.

The principal ports serve a system of ferries connecting Albania with numerous islands and coastal cities in Croatia, Greece and Italy.

The rail network is administered by the national railway company Hekurudha Shqiptare which was extensively promoted by the dictator Enver Hoxha.

There has been a considerable increase in private car ownership and bus usage while rail use decreased since the end of communism.

The specific location of this railway, connecting the most populated urban areas in Albania, merely makes it an important economic development project.

In the country, education is secular, free, compulsory and based on three levels of education segmented in primary, secondary and tertiary education.

Albanian serves as the primary language of instruction in all academic institutions across the country. Compulsory primary education is divided into two levels, elementary and secondary school, from grade one to five and six to nine, respectively.

Upon successful completion of primary education, all pupils are entitled to attend high schools with specialising in any particular field including arts, sports , languages , sciences or technology.

The country's tertiary education, an optional stage of formal learning following secondary education, has undergone a thorough reformation and restructuring in compliance with the principles of the Bologna Process.

There is a significant number of private and public institutions of higher education well dispersed in the major cities of Albania. The constitution of Albania guarantees equal, free and universal health care for all its citizens.

In , the country had the 55th best healthcare performance in the world, as defined by the World Health Organization. In , the country had a fruit and vegetable supply of grams per capita per day, the fifth highest supply in Europe.

Due to its geographical location and natural resources, Albania has a wide variety of energy resources ranging from gas, oil and coal, to wind , solar and water as well as other renewable sources.

Albania has considerably large deposits of oil. It has the 10th largest oil reserves in Europe and the 58th in the world. Although, Patos-Marinza , also located within the area, is the largest onshore oil field in Europe.

The water resources of Albania are particularly abundant in all the regions of the country and comprise lakes , rivers , springs and groundwater aquifers.

After the fall of communism in , human resources in sciences and technology in Albania have drastically decreased. There were communist plans to create a Balkan federation which would include Yugoslavia, Albania, Romania , Bulgaria and Greece.

However, tempers flared when Rama said that Kosovo 's independence was "undeniable" and "must be respected" and Vucic accused him of a "provocation".

Serbia's war crimes prosecution office stated that it had evidence that the ten KLA members had killed 51 people and kidnapped civilians in Kosovo between June and October From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Albania and the Republic of Serbia. Main articles: Yugoslav Wars and Kosovo War.

Albania 2 - 1 Kosovo View events: 15/11/ UNL: Slovenia 2 - 1 Kosovo View events: 18/11/ UNL: Kosovo Albania Kosovo live score (and video online live stream*) starts on at UTC time in Int. Friendly Games - World. Here on SofaScore livescore you can find all Albania vs Kosovo previous results sorted by their H2H matches. Links to Albania vs. Kosovo video highlights are collected in the Media tab for the most popular matches as. Teams Albania Kosovo played so far 3 matches. Albania won 1 direct matches. Kosovo won 1 matches. 1 matches ended in a draw. On average in direct matches both teams scored a goals per Match. Albania in actual season average scored goals per match. In 9 (%) matches played at home was total goals (team and opponent) Over goals. Albania vs Armenia. Albania. Armenia. How does Albania compare to Armenia? x more forests? % vs %; 2 $ higher GDP per capita? 13 $ vs $. Albanian is a recognised minority language in Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, Romania and in Serbia. Albanian is also spoken by a minority in Greece, specifically in the Thesprotia and Preveza regional units and in a few villages in Ioannina and Florina regional units in Greece. It is also spoken by , Albanian immigrants in Greece.
Albanien Vs

Albanien Vs aufgestellt, Albanien Vs. - Albanien vs. Kosovo, Testspiel: Anpfiff, Ort und Uhrzeit

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